Pharaoh's Hardened Heart

A Well Known Account

In Exodus we find the well known story of Israel’s freedom from slavery in Egypt. The story includes the call of Moses, his challenge to Pharaoh, and the Ten Plagues. In the midst of this story is an unusual phrase that is used to describe the attitude of Pharaoh. When confronted by Moses, the text describes several times that Pharaoh’s “heart was hardened” (Exo. 7:13, 22, 8:15, et al., NASU).

What If Someone Could Read Your Mind?

Mind reading has been a sideshow attraction for many years, having roots in ancient times with divination and soothsaying. Today, many are amazed by the workings of illusionists – people who use various forms of subterfuge and basic psychology to give the illusion of mind reading. But what if it were possible that someone could not simply read a general idea from your mind, but could instead know the entirety of the very thoughts we hold most private. Such a person would know the whole truth about you, knowing your true intentions, opinions, and preferences. They would also know your secrets – the hidden shadows of our own personal closets.

A Surpassing Righteousness

An Important Cornerstone

Righteous living has always been a cornerstone of godly living. Ever since the Creation, God has had the expectation of man and woman that he and she both live according to His command. However, both man and woman failed – as every man and woman have since. So what is Jesus teaching when He declares:

For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
Matthew 5:20 (NASU)

Jesus Knows Man

Jesus Knows All About Man

“But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man” John 2:24, 25 (NASU).

It is easy to understand the idea of Jesus “knowing” man in terms of man’s condition or experience, as He was indeed God in the flesh (1:14). However, this knowledge is more than what it is to be a man, but knowledge of His fellow man.